Python, Django top frameworks and it's comparison

Python is a general-purpose programming language. We can use python for so many applications including web applications. Framework is a collection of modules or packages, which helps in writing a web application or helps in developing a web application. We don't have to worry about low level details such as protocols, socket, thread management when working with a framework.

Framework makes the developer’s life smarter and easier by giving a structure for application development. They automate the implementation of common solutions, which gives flexibility to developers to focus only on app logic instead of routine. They provide common backend fast reliable and scalable easily maintainable web applications.

Frameworks provides functionality to perform the following operations for developing web applications.

  • URL Routing.
  • Input form handling and validation.
  • Output Formats with Templating Engine HTML, XML, JSON.
  • Data Connection, manipulating using ORM mappers.
  • Web security.
  • Session Storage and retrieval.

URL Routing

Mechanism of URL mapping is staying at the same web page when you click on some other link.

Input Form handling and Validation

The data entered into a form needs to be in the right format, and certain fields are mandatory for effective use of form.

Output Formats with Templating Engine

Allows developers to design the content of their own type.

Data Connection, manipulating using OMR

  • Persistent data manipulation.
  • Object relational mapper - It is a code library that automates the transfer of data into a relational database table into objects that are most commonly used in an application.

Web Security

Web security against the cross site required forgery also known as a CSRF SQL injection cross-site scripting and other common malicious attacks.

Session Storage

There are only a few operations we can perform using python frameworks.

Advantages of Python Frameworks:

  • Open source - no need to spend money.
  • Good documentation - learn any functionality & key features.
  • Security - secured against malicious attacks.
  • Integrations and efficiency.

Why Python frameworks?

  • Easier Implementation
  • Maintenance
  • Code Reusability
  • Readability

Top Python Frameworks

Django

Many people who try to build a web application in python will opt for Django framework so that they can build a complex code in less time with best quality. Django changes it’s functionality comparatively according to the trends in web development. Few key features of Django are:

  • Open source.
  • Full stack framework.
  • Authentication.
  • URL routing.
  • Template engine.
  • DRY ( don’t repeat yourself).
  • ORM Mappers.
  • Database schema migrations ,common databases like PostgreSQL, MySQL , SQLite, Oracle under the third party drivers.
  • Follow MVC architecture.

Pyramid

Pyramid is a part of the Pylon project; it is one of the most flexible frameworks in Python language. This framework allows the developer to choose anything - DBMS, URL structure, template styles and much more.

  • Flexible and adaptable.
  • Simple structure and easy to learn.
  • Transparency and Measured quality.
  • Security Management.
  • Flexible tools for authentication and authorization script.
  • Template languages and engines including Jinja2 and Mako.
  • Traversal framework for mapping URLs to code.
  • HTTP caching.
  • Built-in support for session storage.
  • Create traditional routes-oriented RDBMS applications.

Web2Py

Web2Py is an open source and free of cost. It allows debugger and code editor for editing the code and debugging the code accompanied with a deployment tool. It enables developers to develop, revise, deploy and manage web applications via web browsers.

  • Open source.
  • Full stack framework.
  • Own web based.
  • Code editor, debugger, one-click deployment.
  • Error tracking and ticketing system(Ticketing Framework).
  • Follows MVC architecture.
  • Data security.
  • Role-based access control.
  • Backward compatibility.
  • No need of installation.
  • No multiple protocols.

Flask

The main motive for introducing flask is to build a strong web application. Flask is being used by all big companies as it is fast and secure.

  • A micro framework.
  • Lightweight - has a modular design which makes it easy to developer needs.
  • It includes a number of out of the box features.
  • Built-in development server.
  • Fast debugger.
  • Restful request dispatching.
  • Supports Jinja2 templating.
  • Modern day templating language made after Django template language.
  • Unicode based - secured cookie support that is client side sessions.
  • WSGI Compliance - web server gateway interface.
  • Unicode - ability to plug in any ORM.
  • HTTP request handling.

Bottle

It is popularly known as small-scale microframe works. It mainly focuses on Web API’s and it tries to bundle everything in a single document. It has no dependencies apart from the python standard library.

  • Microframework.
  • Single source file originally it was meant for building apis, which means everything in a single source file.
  • URL Routing.
  • Templating engine.
  • Utilities.
  • Abstraction over WSGI standard.
  • Prototyping, building simple personal applications.
  • Perfect for prototyping, learning the organization of web frameworks and building simple personal applications.

CherryPy

CherryPy is a popular framework that embeds its very own multi-strung server. CherryPy includes a pooled web server, set up framework and module framework.

  • Open source minimalist approach.
  • Object oriented with a minimalist approach.
  • HTTP WSGI compliant thread pooled web server.
  • Running multiple HTTP servers at once.
  • Powerful configuration.
  • Flexible plug in system.
  • Tools for caching, encoding,sessions, authentication and static content.
  • Built-in support for profiling ,coverage, and testing.
  • Ability to run on different platforms.

There are many python frameworks evolving every year with new features and functionality despite their pros and cons. Developers use many frameworks depending on their task because every developer has a different style of coding and preferences.

By far, the most popular framework according to the trends is Django because the count of enterprises using Django is pretty high. Django features and characteristics are similar to the business requirements of many industries that might be the reason behind it’s popularity. Find more information why should choose django for your next project

Pyramid is flexible to use even for small to enterprise level companies. The only conflict in Pyramid is that it has many options, which creates a havoc before starting the project. Flask is commonly used by developer’s because it is mostly commonly used for small industries with jet speed. The suitable framework will always suit your business needs. You have to consider the main agenda of your application, budget, time and then decide the framework type to start your application.

Do you want to find and implement the best python framework? Contact our Custom Software Development Company

Posted On 26 March 2020 By MicroPyramid


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